Saint Lucia is tackling the problem of climate change head-on, at the national, regional and international level.
At the international level, Saint Lucia ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1993, the Kyoto Protocol in 2003 and the Paris Agreement in 2016. Saint Lucia is an active participant in the international negotiations for critical issues such as support (finance, capacity building and technology transfer), adaptation, mitigation and loss and damage.
At the regional level, Saint Lucia is a member of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), comprising 10 members and the Caribbean Community, comprising 15 members. Saint Lucia is thus guided by the OECS St George’s Declaration of Principles for Environmental Sustainability (2010); Liliendaal Declaration on Climate Change and Development (2009); and Implementation Plan for the CARICOM Regional Framework for Achieving Development Resilient to Climate Change: 2011-2021. Saint Lucia collaborates with the OECS Commission and the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre in the implementation of climate change initiatives.
At the national level, Saint Lucia’s revised Climate Change Adaptation Policy was endorsed by the Cabinet of Ministers in 2015. This provides a framework for addressing the impacts of climate change in an integrated manner, across all key sectors. There are three interconnected processes: Adaptation Facilitation: creating the appropriate policy, legislative and institutional environment; e.g. a National Adaptation Plan (NAP); Adaptation Financing: putting in place measures to ensure adequate and predictable financial flows; e.g. Climate Adaptation Financing Facility (CAFF) with the Saint Lucia Development Bank (SLDB); Adaptation Implementation: taking concrete actions on-the-ground to prepare for or respond to the impacts of climate change (e.g. building stronger buildings, roads and bridges).
Saint Lucia also has a Strategic Programme for Climate Resilience (SPCR), which provides a framework for planning and implementing climate change adaptation measures in Saint Lucia.
A National Adaptation Plan (NAP) has been developed and was approved by Cabinet in June 2018. It was a policy process leading to the integration of climate change adaptation into national development planning (medium to long term) and as appropriate, budgeting. The country also prepared an overarching roadmap of all key sectors and detailed Sectoral Adaptation Strategies and Actions Plans (SASAPs) in water; agriculture and fisheries; infrastructure and spatial planning; formal education and health and is in the process of finalising a SASAP for natural resource management, including coastal, marine and terrestrial biodiversity. We are happy to partner with implementing agencies on the development and implementation of the SASAPs. Also in its development stage is a Climate Change Private Sector Engagement Strategy, a Climate Finance Strategy and a Climate Change Research Policy
While Saint Lucia has several pieces of climate-relevant legislation, the country is in the process of developing specific climate change legislation.
Saint Lucia’s adaptation initiatives are focused on, among others: enhanced sensitisation; food security; flood alleviation; enhancement of drainage; critical buildings, roads and bridges made more climate resilient; integrated slopes, landslides and riverbank stabilisation; rehabilitation or retrofitting of water supply systems; and grass root community-led activities.
On the Mitigation side, Saint Lucia has: a Sustainable Energy Plan of 2001, for maintenance and growth of the energy sector; a National Energy Policy of 2010, for exploitation of new and indigenous energy resources and promotion of energy conservation and efficiency; a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), 2015 , comprising voluntary efforts towards achieving the objectives of the UNFCCC; a National Energy Transition Strategy (NETS) of 2017, aimed at sustainable, reliable, cost-effective and equitable electricity future for Saint Lucia; and supporting legislation either enacted or underway. There is an Electric Vehicle (EV) transition study, completed in 2018. The study sought to develop a set of eligibility criteria for electrification and using this criteria to complete an assessment of the existing government fleet and propose opportunities for electrification. Mitigation action is focused on electricity generation, energy efficiency, renewable energy and transport. There is a recent Cabinet endorsed NDC Partnership Plan, which is designed to attract coordinated donor funding to facilitate its implementation. It is a living plan, which will respond to the emerging opportunities that will help to achieve the targets of Saint Lucia’s 2015 NDC.
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