In November 2015, Saint Lucia communicated what is now known as its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
NDCs primarily are commitments developed by countries aimed at addressing climate change. The commitments are developed within the context of the national priorities, circumstances and capabilities and can be either adaptation and/or mitigation based.
Saint Lucia’s NDC is mitigation-based and focuses on reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 16 and 23 percent by 2025 and 2030, respectively. It is anticipated that this will be achieved by implementing interventions in the energy, electricity generation and transport sectors. These interventions will be based on a mix of solar, wind and geothermal energy initiatives. For example, one of the targets indicates that there will be a 35% penetration of renewable energy island wide by 2025 and will extend to at least 50% by 2030. The achievement of the targets will be further recognized through a reduction in energy consumption with the use of more energy efficient appliances and the retrofitting of public buildings to make them more energy efficient. Additionally, the transport sector, the second highest consumer of fossil fuel after electricity generation, is targeted for the introduction of electric and more fuel-efficient motor vehicles.
As Saint Lucia continues its efforts to find solutions to the global problem of unsafe GHG emissions, the aim is to ensure that the inclusive approach taken to develop the NDC in 2015, continues, as we advance the implementation of the proposed interventions. In this regard, Saint Lucia convened a stakeholder consultation on January 29, 2018 that brought together its key energy partners (private and public).
The Nationally Determined Contributions Partnership Support Unit and the GIZ on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, are providing support to the Department of Sustainable Development for this process. Ultimately, Saint Lucia is aiming to develop a suite of bankable or investment-ready projects, which will help to achieve the NDC targets.
- To review and enhance Saint Lucia’s NDC;
- To explore opportunities to facilitate the implementation of Saint Lucia’s NDC; and
- To identify and possibly formulate and enhance, strategic interventions, partnerships and plans that will create the required landscape necessary to attract critical technical and financial support.